Dr. Eva Pip taught biology at the U of W for more than
50 years before retiring in 2016. She has published almost
100 peer-reviewed articles in her career. More than 800 scientists in
serious academic circles around the world have cited her work,
as a building block for their own.
“Our study demonstrated unequivocally," explains Dr. Pip, "that manure was getting into those waterways from the spread fields after the manure had been spread, and not just small amounts either.”
The Brokenhead River flows into Lake Winnipeg, the subject of another study published in 2012. Entitled, “The rapid eutrophication of Lake Winnipeg,” it was conducted by a team of researchers headed by another water quality expert, Dr. David Schindler of the University of Alberta (above). It concluded that toxic blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) “have nearly doubled in size in that lake since the mid 1990s,” thanks to rapid increases in phosphorous levels." (See graph.)
A dog swims in a poison
They've been known to sicken people and kill animals. Many communities as well as cottagers draw their drinking water from the lake.” Coliform bacteria (such as E coli) were also associated with phosphorus levels.
Lake Winnipeg with Reindeer Island at bottom right.
European Space Agency.
And, a report commissioned by the Government of Manitoba in 2011 concluded that phosphorous levels in the lake were “three times higher than they were in Lake Erie when that lake was described as dead!”
rather than being spread above-ground, as is being done here on farmland near Lake Erie, US in 2014.
"In Hogs We Trust."