Earth’s surface temperatures in 2019 were THE SECOND WARMEST since modern record-keeping began in 1880. Globally, 2019 temperatures were SECOND ONLY TO THOSE IN 2016 and continued the planet’s long-term warming trend. THE PAST FIVE YEARS HAVE BEEN THE WARMEST IN THE PAST 140 YEARS. IMAGE BY NASA.
Friday, 22 November 2019
Australian blazes will ‘reframe our understanding of bushfire’
Fire on Cape Barren Is. Australia, 2016. Photo by Planet Labs, Inc.
Australia is on fire like never before—and this year's "bushfire" season, which typically peaks in January or February, has barely begun. Driven in part by a severe drought, fires have burned 1.65 million hectares in the state of New South Wales, more than the state's total in the previous 3 years combined. Six people have died and more than 500 homes have been destroyed. As Science went to press, some 70 uncontrolled fires were burning in adjacent Queensland, and South Australia was bracing for potentially "catastrophic" burns. David Bowman, a fire geographer and director of the Fire Centre Research Hub at the University of Tasmania in Hobart, spoke with Science about the unprecedented crisis. The flames have charred even wet ecosystems once thought safe, he says. And the fires have become "white-hot politically," with Prime Minister Scott Morrison's Liberal government drawing criticism for refusing to acknowledge any link to climate change.